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  • CRIMINAL JUSTICE

    DUAL CREDIT  QUESTIONS

    PART 2

     

    1.  _______ refers to acts that are not universally regarded as criminal, they are criminal because the legislature has designated them as crimes.

    A. felony

    B. mala prohibita

    C. mala in se

    D. mens rea

     

    2.  What layer of the "wedding-cake" model focuses on misdemeanors?

    A. top layer

    B. second layer

    C. third layer

    D. bottom layer

     

    3.  The updated version of classical criminology, that holds that at any given moment, a person can choose between committing a crime and not committing it, is known as?

    A. biological theory

    B. bational choice theory

    C. strain theory

    D. control theory

     

    4.  A serious crime, usually punishable by death or imprisonment for a year or longer, is a(n):

    A. misdemeanor

    B. felony

    C. deviance

    D. infraction

     

    5.  The authority of a court to hear and decide cases within an area of the law or a geographic territory is called _______.

    A. case law

    B. statute

    C. jurisdiction

    D. negligence

     

    6.  What defense is used if the defendant's state of mind is such that they cannot claim legal responsibility for their actions?

    A. infancy

    B. insanity

    C. intoxication

    D. mistake

     

    7.  Which of the following is the primary factor that influences police discretion?

    A. the nature of the criminal act

    B. the attitude of the wrongdoer towards the officer

    C. the race or ethnicity of the offender

    D. departmental policy

     

    8.  Which of the following is NOT considered to be forensic evidence?

    A. fingerprints

    B. ballistics

    C. DNA

    D. motive

     

    9.  Police officers must not just have probable cause to search and seize evidence, they must also legally exercise which of the following?

    A. reasonable suspicion

    B. reasonableness

    C. plausability

    D. sensitivity

     

    10.  What type of facility is reserved for the "worst of the worst" offenders?

    A. supermax

    B. maximum security

    C. medium security

    D. minimum security

     

    11.  Which case established "fruits of the poisonous tree" doctrine?

    A. Weeks v. U.S.

    B. Illinois v. Gates

    C. Terry v. Ohio

    D. Wong Sun v. U.S.

     

    12.  If a grand jur decides to indict, a _______ is issued.

    A. true bill

    B. no true bill

    C. no-bill

    D. warrant

     

    13.  The "dark figure of crime" includes

    A. all crimes reported to the police but not solved

    B. all crimes reported to the police after sunset

    C. all crimes not reported to the police

    D. A and B only

    E. none of the above

     

    14.  All of the following are reasons why crimes are not reported to the police except:

    A. The victim fears retaliation from the offender

    B. The victim my not believe the act was a crime

    C. People may not trust the police

    D. The offender was so crafty that the victim did not realize a crime was committed

    E. All of the above are reasons why crimes my not be reported to the police

     

    15.  The work of _______ and Bentham are credited with what is known as Classical School of Criminology.

    A. George W. Bush

    B. Bill Clinton

    C. Phil Fulmer

    D. Cesare Beccaria

    E. None of the above

     

    16.  Which theoretical paradigm uses the scientific method (measurement) as its foundationwhen examining criminal behavior?

    A. Classical School

    B. Positivism

    C. Sociological

    D. Conflict/critical

    E. None of the above

     

    17.  Common law is based on the doctrine of

    A. precedent

    B. equality

    C. rich versus poor

    D. all of the above

     

    18.  The corpus dilecti is composed of the guilty mind (mens rea) and the _______.

    A. actus prohibitus

    B. lex talionis

    C. actus fortuitus

    D. actus reus

    E. none of the above

     

    19.  Which of the following statements is false?

    A. A felony offense carries a sentence of one year or longer

    B. A misdemeanor carries a sentence of 11 months, 29 days or less

    C. A person convicted of a felony will spend his/her sentence in prison

    D. A person convicted of a felony will spend his/her sentence in a local jail

     

    20.  England's "Bobbies" were created under which act?

    A. The Bow Street Runners Act of 1748

    B. The Thames River Police Act of 1798

    C. The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829

    D. All of the above

    E. None of the above

     

    21.  What was the result of the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment?

    A. Adding more police officers decreased crim in Kansas City by more than 25%

    B. Adding more police officers decreased crime in Kansas City by more than 50%

    C. Increasing police patrol in some areas while decreasing police patrol in others had no effect on the amount of crime committed

    D. Adding more police officers increased crime by more than 25% in Kansas City

    E. There was no such experiment

     

    22.  According to _______, police have the right to search suspects to ensure their own safety if they think that the suspects are armed.

    A. Weeks v. U.S.

    B. Illinois v. Gates

    C. Terry v. Ohio

    D. Tyson v. Holyfield

    E. None of the above

     

    23.  Which of the following locations is protected by the 4th Amendment's right to privacy?

    A. open field

    B. public park

    C. restaurant

    D. kitchen

    E. abandoned property

     

    24.  Community policing initiativeswould include such things as:

    A. Neigborhood police substations

    B. Bicycle patrols

    C. Foot patrols

    D. Neigborhood watch programs

    E. All of the above

     

    25.  Which of the following says that officers must obtain a warrant prior to a search?

    A. Search incident to arrest

    B. Pat down search (frisk)

    C. The rights of landowners and slaves

    D. The right to be free from self-incrimination

    E. Confirmed the rights over federal law over state law and made the U.S. Supreme Court the "court of last resort"

     

    26.  How many U.S. district courts are currently in existence?

    A. 50

    B. 94

    C. 100

    D. 150

     

    27.  The role of the prosecutor is to:

    A. Decide which cases are formally defined as crimes

    B. Argue cases in court

    C. To dismiss the case prior to formal charging of the defendant

    D. Provide information to the defense regarding the defendant/evidence/case

    E. All of the above

     

    28.  Who appoints federal judges, and who confirms that appointment?

    A. The District Attorney General, the Governor

    B. The President, the Senate

    C. The President, the Governor of the state

    D. The Governor of the state, the President

    E. None of the above

     

    29.  The right to confront witnesses can be found in the ___ Amendment.

    A. First

    B. Second

    C. Sixth         

    D. Eighth

    E. Thirteenth

     

    30.  Who wrote The State of Prisons in England and Wales in 1777, was a sheriff who traveled throughout England inspecting jails, and became horrified over the squalid and inhumane conditions he found?

    A. Jeremy Bentham

    B. Cesare Lombroso

    C. Cesare Lombroso

    D. John Howard

    E. Ivan the Horrible

     

    31.  Which of the following is NOT one of the economic forms of early punishments?

    A. Galley slavery

    B. workhouses

    C. exile/transportation

    D. all are early forms of economic punishments

    E. only B and C are early forms of economic punishments

     

    32.  Which of the following is the correct order of stages in the juvenile justice process?  

    A. intake, adjudicatory hearing, disposition, aftercare

    B. intake, disposition, aftercare, adjudicatory hearing

    C. adjudicatory hearing, disposition, intake, aftercare

    D. none of the above are in the correct order

     

    33.  Which is not one of the types of youths involved in the juvenile justice system today?

    A. incorrigible children

    B. dependent children     

    C. adopted children

    D. status offenders

    E. delinquent children

     

    34.  Which of the following statements is TRUE?

    A. Today’s U.S. prison population houses close to 2 million offenders.

    B. Today’s U.S. prison population is comprised of more males than females.

    C. Today’s U.S. prison population experiences a higher percentage increase in female offenders than in male offenders.       

    D. Today’s U.S. prison population is comprised of 40% male offenders, 30% female offenders, and 30% juvenile offenders.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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